India among top 5 Stem Cell research centers

Biothechnology Articles at
Biothechnology Articles at

The Basics of Stem Cells

The word stem is generally used in plant kingdom for plant’s aerial part which bears several diversified structures as leaves, flowers, fruits etc. and can regenerate all these structures after any injury, cut or senescence. Similarly several cells in animal kingdom also have capability to regenerate into similar types or different types of cell, tissue, organs and structures and are called Stem Cells. Continue reading “India among top 5 Stem Cell research centers”

10 Reasons – Why Animal Cloning Fails

    As we know recently Indian scientists have completed a milestone journey by cloning the world’s first buffalo named Samrupa. But, cloning is the most tedious process in animal biotechnology and there are several reasons for its success rate being very less. In the case of Dolly, the first sheep cloned 13 years ago, out of the 272 trials only five were successful and this time during samrupa’s cloning, out of 100s only one has become successful and that new born calf also died within 5 days. 

    Following may be the 10 most important hurdles in the process of cloning

  1. Selection of defective cells

  2. The animal to be cloned must be in a good health condition and disease free. Even the cells/tissues selected should be defect free both at nuclear and cytoplasmic levels.

    Continue reading “10 Reasons – Why Animal Cloning Fails”

Indian scientists clone first buffalo in the world

samrupa world's first cloned buffalo by Indian scientists
samrupa first cloned buffalo

The buffalo clone named Samrupa is the first time some animal has been cloned in India. ‘Samrupa’ is a Hindi word meaning some one who is exactly same as some one else. So, samrupa was exactly same as her mother buffalo. This is a milestone for Indian science and technology. Dr. S K Singla a scientist at the National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana and his biotechnologist team had been working on the cloning of the calf for the last four years. This milestone came to Indian science 13 years after the first animal Dolly was cloned from her mother sheep. Samrupa’s mother is a one year old buffalo of the famous Murrah variety of Haryana that gives 35 Kgs of milk per day.




What is CLONING:


Reproductive Cloning. To clone an animal, researchers first take mature cells, such as skin cells, from the animal to be cloned. Next, they take an unfertilized egg from an adult female of the same species and remove the nucleus, which is the cell structure that houses the chromosomes that contain an organism’s DNA. Researchers then place one of the skin cells next to the nucleus-free egg and apply an electric pulse, which causes the skin cell to fuse with the egg. The fused cell, which contains the skin cell’s nucleus, divides and forms an early-stage embryo. This embryo is implanted in the uterus of another female animal, called a surrogate mother, and allowed to develop. The surrogate mother then gives birth to an animal that is genetically identical to the adult that donated the skin cells. This newborn animal is referred to as a clone. Continue reading “Indian scientists clone first buffalo in the world”

What is

Through this post i am going to describe and define what Tuubol is conceived to be and what all is going to come in Tuubol’s posts.

First of all, what does TuuBol mean.Tuubol is comprised of two Hindi Words ‘Tuu’ and ‘Bol’. ‘Tuu’ means ‘You’ and ‘Bol’ means ‘Say/speak’. First of all, TuuBol means ‘You Say’ or ‘Your Say’. So, it is gonna be a blog where in I and my team is going to discuss with the readers some things that matter to us in various fields. It will have daily happenings and most debated topics etc. But Tuubol can only be a success if it is you who give your feedback on all the posts.

The various fields that will be covered in Tuubol: –

  • Fashion Technology :- Me being a Fashion Technocrat of the First Batch of B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology – Apparel Production) from NIFT, New Delhi, am very passionate about the subject and keep myself current with the current trends in the field of fashion technology. I would for sure like to share what ever I find interesting and worthy of sharing with my knowledgeable readers.
  • Web Design and Web Development: – I am a freelance web designer and love the work from the core my heart. The most amazing thing about the work is that it keeps changing with time and you need to keep yourself updated with the current trends in the web space. I am a regular visitor of some websites that enhance my knowledge of the field and would like my readers to benefit from this. I with this field would like to share what is latest in the field of web design and what are the current and latest developments in the sphere of web applications.
  • Lean & Toyota Production System:- I am from the first batch of the Lean Leaders certified by the MSMEDI(Micro Small and Medium Enterprises Development Institute, Mumbai). I had the passion for the Toyota Manufacturing System from the time I had been first introduced to the concept. But after doing the course the passion got stronger and the belief became unshakable. So I would like to spread the great TPS(Toyota Production System) among my countrymen and the world as a whole because I think this is the only Production Management System that can save the world from the current and future crises.
  • Biotechnology and Pharma Quality Control:- As we know in this era “knowledge is power” Biotechnology has immense potential for development and ease of human life with advancements in health, stem cell research, in-vitro fertilization, cloning, tissue engineering, genetic engineering, improvement of hybrid and genetically improved varieties of animals and crops, drug development, disease eradication by vaccine development and many more.
  • Book Reviews:- We are also going to write reviews of the books that we read. This is not only going to cover a simple review of the book, but an analysis of the good and bad points of the book, things that are worthy of learning from the book and things that are just fillers.
  • Miscellaneous:- This section will contain topics that interest us in general and are not related to any of the above topics.

Now it is going to be a full fledged blog covering these topics. So, you all got to visit this blog regularly.